This is a certain worship or penalty to compensate for some sins and alleviate or obviate the punishments in the afterlife. Such penalties are, on the one hand, punishments for the person who disobeys the relevant rulings, and are, on the other hand, helpful for the community, such as the emancipation of Muslim slaves and feeding or providing clothes for people in need. In some cases, kaffara is in the form of fasting or repeating one’s hajj or a donation type within the Islamic tradition that provides individuals who deliberately miss or break a day of fast during the month of Ramadan without a valid reason. According to Islamic guidelines, if a person misses a day of fasting unnecessarily, he or she should either fast for 60 consecutive days or feed 60 masakeen (underprivileged people) per day.
Beyond Ramadan, kaffara may also be given to recompense for broken oaths or promises. In these cases, 10 masakeen (underprivileged people) should be fed for each occurrence. The amount paid should be about the average you would pay for a meal. The estimated cost is N300 per person for 10 people, which equals N3000 per broken promise. Where the case is sexual intercourse during menstruation, then half a dinar according to Hadith narrated by Tirmidhi “That person who has intercourse with his wife whilst she is menstruating should give half a dinar in charity.”
The main actions or omissions leading to kaffara consist in unintentionally killing a human being, intentionally breaking one’s fast during Ramadan, breaking one’s promise or vow or oath, and committing some prohibited actions during hajj and umrah or sexual intercourse during menstruations. While the main kaffaras consist in the emancipation of a slave feeding or providing clothes for 60 people in need, 60 days of fasting 31 of which should be consecutive, slaughtering of sheep and payment of Half a dinar.
NAZAS as a charity organisation collects the Kaffara and distributes to the indigents in the community.